**Bending Moment and shear force diagram for cantilever**

**Problem 5-1**

Determine the values and draw the diagrams for shear force and bending moment due to the imposed load on cantilever shown in figure 5-1(a)

**Figure 5-1(a)**

**Solution:**

The cantilever is a beam which has one end free and the other is
fixed. All the reaction components will be experienced only on the
fixed end. In the case of cantilever shown in figure 5-1(a), there
is no horizontal force and hence the fixed support will have only
two reaction components (one vertical **D _{y}** and the
other moment

The support reactions of cantilever can be easily determined by applying the equations of static equilibrium as follows;

ΣF_{y} =
0; (equilibrium in y-direction)

**D _{y}** - 2 - 4 x
2 = 0;

Therefore **D _{y} **=

Considering z-axis passing through D and taking moment of all the forces about point D (clock-wise -ve, anticlock-wise +ve).

ΣM_{z} = 0;

2
x 4 + 4
x 2 x (1+1) - M_{D }
= 0;

Which yields, **M _{D}** =

**Figure 5-1(b)**

__Shearing force calculations __

In case of point load acting at a point, we should calculate shear force on both sides (left and right) of the point.

F_{A} -left = 0;

F_{A} -right = -2kN;

F_{B} = -2 kN;

F_{C} = -10 kN;

F_{D} = -10 kN;

The shear force diagram (SFD) is drawn in figure 5-1(b) which shows constant value of shear force from A to B and thereafter it increases with a constant rate upto C and then from C to D it is again constant.

__Bending moment calculations__

__ __M_{A}
= 0;

M_{B} = -2
x 1 = -2 kNm;

M_{C} = -2
x 3 - 4
x 2
x 1 = -14 kNm;

M_{D} = -2
x 4 - 4
x 2
x (1+1) = -24 kNm;

The bending moment diagram (BMD) is drawn in figure 5-1(b) which shows that it is straight line from A to B, parabolic from B to C and again straight line from C to D. Throughout the span the bending moment is hogging in nature. The maximum value of bending moment is at the fixed support and equal to 24 kNm.

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